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ROSEMARY


  How To Grow Rosemary


PLANT TYPE: Perennial
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Rosmarinus officinalis
ZONE / HARDINESS: 8 to 10
MATURE PLANT SIZE: Up to 72 inches high x up to 72 inches wide
LIGHT: Full Sun
SOIL TYPE: Light, well-drained soil
pH RANGE: 6.5 to 7.0
KNOWN PESTS: Aphids, spider mites, mealybugs, whiteflies
KNOWN DISEASES: Root rot


OVERVIEW:

Rosemary is a hardy evergreen shrub in areas where winter temperatures stay above 5 degrees F (-15 degrees C). In the Northeast, however, this perennial should be taken indoors and kept as a pot plant during winter. The narrow leaves have a leather-like feel and a spicy, resinous fragrance.

Rosemary is a popular flavoring for meats and dressings or as a garnish on large roasts. Oil from leaves is used in medicine.

Germination is slow. Sow seeds 1/8 inch deep in flats indoors and plant in garden 2 feet apart after the seedlings are 3 inches tall. Prefers a sunny location. Cut anytime as needed, being careful not to remove more than 20% of the growth at a time. For drying, cut branches before the plant flowers. Shape plants as desired when harvesting branches. Hang bundles upside down in an airy place. Strip the leaves from the stem when dry.


PROPAGATION / SOWING:

Seed, Cuttings, layering, or division. Sow seeds 1/8 inch deep in flats indoors and plant in garden 2 feet apart after the seedlings are 3 inches tall.


COMPANION PLANTING:

Plant rosemary next to sage because they stimulate each other. Rosemary is said to repel carrot flies. It also attracts honey bees.


CARE & GROWING:

A low germination rate makes it difficult to propagate plants from seeds. Sow in flats and plant in the garden 2 feet apart after the seedlings are 3 inches tall. Rosemary is best started from cuttings (or by stem layering). Take 6-inch sections of tip growth in late spring and place in a growth medium. Once the root system is established, plant cuttings outside in a sunny location.


HARVESTING:

Cut anytime as needed, being careful not to remove more than 20% of the growth at a time. For drying, cut branches before the plant flowers. Shape plants as desired when harvesting branches. Hang bundles upside down in an airy place. Strip the leaves from the stem when dry.


USAGE:

Aromatic, cosmetic, culinary, decorative, and medicinal.The aromatic oil is added to soaps, creams, lotions, perfumes, and toilet waters. The leaves are used in sachets and potpourris as well as in herbal baths, facial steams, hair rinses, and dyes. Dried or fresh leaves may be used to flavor poultry, fish, lamb, beef, tomatoes, mushrooms, cheese, eggs, potatoes, vinegars, and herbal butters. Rosemary has attractive flowers and is grown for ornamental use in the landscape. The prostrate plant is attractive trailing down over a wall or used for ground cover. It also is used in container gardening. It is said to have some medicinal qualities.












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Rosemary deters cabbage moth, bean beetles, and carrot fly when planted near cabbage, beans, carrots, and sage. Rosemary is a preferred herb with lamb, veal, and poultry






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