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Flowers - Perennials (A to C)

Perennials (A - C)
Perennials (M - O)


Perennials (D - F)
Perennials (P - S)


Perennials (G - I)
Perennials (T - V)


Perennials (J - L)
Perennials (W - Z)


Switch To Annuals     Main Flower Index

Unless otherwise noted, the following guides are for growing perennials from seed, and general care.




Abutilon [Abutilon x hybridum]
Zone 8 - 10
Light: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Planting Date: Spring

A shrubby plant that produces maple leaf shaped green leaves and large bell-shaped blooms in mixed shades of orange, red and yellow. An excellent houseplant at the end of the season.

Usually grown as an annual. Start inside 8-10 weeks before last frost. Cover seed lightly, provide average soil warmth (21-24°C) and seed should germinate within 20 days. Transplant outside after all danger of frost has passed. Grow in very well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Pinch young plants to encourage branching. Do not allow to dry out. If grown inside, prune to keep under control and provide a sunny window. Fertilize moderately.




Achillea [Achillea millefolium]
Zone 3 - 9
Light: Full Sun
Planting Date: Spring

This easy to grow perennial flowers the first year! The blooms are a sumptuous mix of fruity colours, from deep salmon-apricot with yellow ray florets, through to cherry-red with apricot ray florets, contrasted with the aromatic gray-green feathery foliage. Excellent for the border and as a cut flower, fresh or dried. Attracts butterflies and bees to the garden. Height is 27 inches. Spread 20 inches.

Start indoors 4-6 weeks before planting out. Sow thinly and cover lightly with fine soil and keep moist. When large enough, transplant 5cm (2") apart to further trays or pots of compost. Harden off at the end of May to avoid frosts and transplant 45cm (18") apart into the flowering position in June. Enjoys full sun and can tolerate dry soils.




Angel Hair Grass [Stipa tenuissima]
Hardy to Zone 5
Light: Full Sun
Planting Date: Spring / Fall

The finest textured of all grasses! Delicate hair-like filaments billow with every breath of wind. Loves sun. Height 24 inches, 12 inches wide. Often grown as an annual, but is hardy to zone 5.

Sow inside 6-10 weeks before planting outside. Cover seed with 1/8 inch of potting mix and germinate at 20°C. Very easy to germinate in 2-3 weeks. Plant young plants outside after last frost date, 12 inches apart. Water well until plants are established. Grows 2 feet high. Prefers full sun and well-drained soil. Excellent in containers, just plant into the garden before winter. Cut back to ground level in early spring. Divide in spring every 3-4 years if desired.




Armeria [Armeria pseudoarmeria]
Zone 5 - 9
Light: Full Sun
Planting Date: Spring

This hardy perennial will flower the first year adorning your garden with rich, long-flowering plants in mixed shades of white, red and lilac. Cushion-shaped grassy foliage and long-stemmed 11/2 - 2 inch globular blooms will enhance any border and look very attractive in cut flower arrangements. Height 24".

Start inside 8-10 weeks before planting out. Soak seed for 6-8 hours in warm water. Cover seeds lightly and provide a soil temperature 15-21°C. May also be direct seeded in early spring or early autumn. Transplant in early spring into a full sun location, 12" apart. Likes well-drained, sandy soil that is not too rich. Tolerant of seaside conditions and drought. Deadhead throughout the summer and mulch during the winter. Dividing is not neccesary, but you can divide every 3 years in spring.




Aster [Aster alpinus, Aster novae-angliae - September Ruby]
Aster alpinus: Zone 4 - 9
Aster novae-angliae - September Ruby: Hardy to Zone 4
Light: Full Sun to Light Shade (see below)
Planting Date: Spring / Fall (see below)

Beautiful, large, intense pink coloured daisies (other varieties available). This rock garden favorite does best in well-drained, lean soils under full sun. ‘Pinkie’ asters can also be used in the front of the border or in containers. Easy to grow from seed. Start seed indoors 8 weeks before planting out. Height 12 inches.

Aster alpinus: Start inside 6-8 weeks before planting out. Cover seed lightly and provide warmth (24°C). May also be direct seeded in early spring or late autumn. Germination usually takes 2-3 weeks. Transplant after last frost into a sun or light shade location, 12" apart. Prefers well-drained, but moist soil. Water regularly. Divide every 3 years in spring.

Aster novae-angliae - September Ruby: Sow seed inside 8-10 weeks before planting out. Lightly cover seed and germinate at 20°C. Seed should sprout within 2-3 weeks. Grow on seedlings in a bright but cool (13-15°C) location. Pinch back seedlings when they are 6 inches tall to encourage bushy growth. Transplant into a full sun location, 12-15 inches apart. Prefers average, well-drained soil. Divide every 3 years in spring. Height 4 feet. Prefers sun to part sun.




Balloon Flower [Platycodon grandiflorus]
Zone 4 - 9
Light: Full Sun to Light Shade
Planting Date: Spring

Unique double flowers! A compact perennial grown for its white and blue flowers. Flower buds are completely round and appear inflated, but suddenly open into wide-mouthed, upturned bells. Lovely in the summer border. Height 20 inches.

Start seed indoors 6-8 weeks before planting outside, in peat pots. Sow seed on the surface, provide light and warmth and they should sprout in 15-30 days. Handle seedlings gently. Transplant outside in late spring into full sun or light shade. Prefers rich, moist well-drained soil. Water and deadhead frequently to prolong the bloom period. Plants are slow to recover after divided so it is best to start plants from seed.




Bellis [Bellis perennis]
Zone 4 - 8
Light: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Planting Date: Spring / Fall

Also known as English Daisy, this attractive, early blooming flower is ideal for borders or rock gardens. Tiny button-type blooms fully cover the dwarf small leafed plants. Mulch in the fall. Height 5 inches.

Start inside 8-10 weeks before planting outside. Sow seed on surface, provide light and 21°C. Germination in 2-3 weeks. Will flower the first year if started inside in early spring. Sow directly outside from midsummer to early autumn for flowering the following year. Plant outside after last frost in full sun to part shade, 6-12 inches apart. Do not allow to dry out. Mulch lightly after ground is frozen in fall. Divide after flowering every 3 years.




Butterfly Bush [Buddleia davidii]
Zone 5 - 9
Light: Full Sun
Planting Date: Spring

Attracts Butterflies! Fragrant panicles of primarily lavender blooms appear in late summer. Some purple, white, blue or magenta plants may appear as well. Renowned for attracting a wide range of butterflies. Blooms and grows 3 feet in the first year. May eventually form a shrub 9'x9'.

Start inside 8 weeks before last frost date. Sow seed on surface, provide light and bottom heat. Seed should germinate in 3 weeks. Plant outside after last frost date into a full sun location. If planting into a permanet location, space at least 3-4 feet apart. Good flower production will continue if spent blooms are removed. May be cut back close to the ground in fall or early spring. Blooms on new growth. Unpruned plants will bloom earlier in the summer than pruned plants. Moist, fertile limes soil, will produce the largest flower panicles. Enjoys lime applications.




Butterfly Flower [Ascelpias incarnata]
Zone 3 - 8
Light: Full Sun to Light Shade
Planting Date: Spring

Attracts Butterflies! This is a must have for the butterfly garden! Commonly called milkweed, it is the exclusive diet of the Monarch caterpillar. We have, in fact, seen several caterpillars in our field trials! An impressive late summer flowering border plant. Flowers the first year. Milkmaid has white flowers (other colours available). Reaches a height of 40 inches by second year.

Start inside 8-10 weeks before planting out, in peat pots. Cover seed lightly, provide light and cool conditions (10-24°C). May also be direct seeded outside in early spring or early autumn. Transplant when plants are still small in early spring. Space 24 inches apart in a permanent spot. These plants hate to be moved or divided. Full sun to light shade. Pinch back plants when 6 inches tall to encourage branching.




Campanula [Campanula carpatica, Campanula lactiflora]
Campanula carpatica: Zone 3 - 8
Campanula lactiflora (Dwarf Pink): Zone 5 - 9
Light: Full Sun to Partial Shade (see below)
Planting Date: Spring

A hybrid perennial producing masses of long blooming, star-shaped bell flowers. The beautiful blooms of the Clips Series are very attractive in rock gardens and for borders. Height 6-12".

Campanula carpatica: Start inside 8-10 weeks before planting out. Sow on surface, provide light, warmth (21°C) and moisture. Should germinate in 2-3 weeks. Transplant outside in early spring, into full sun or part shade, 12" apart. Shade is preferable if your summers are very hot. Enjoys limed soil, constant moisture, and deadheading. Divide every 3-4 years in spring.

Campanula lactiflora (Dwarf Pink): First Year Flowering Perennial. Campanula has very small seed so care with sowing is essential. Start seed indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost date. It is not necessary to cover the seed. Propagate at 15 to 18°C. Germination should take place in 2 to 3 weeks. Campanula seedlings can be slow to develop so ensure that they are not over watered. Maintain a temperature of 15°C after germination until seedlings are established. Shade seedlings slightly from direct sunlight to prevent scorching. Plant out after last frost date 90 cm (35") apart. Can be divided every 3-4 years in spring.




Chinese Lanterns [Physalis alkekengi]
Zone 3 - 9
Light: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Planting Date: Spring

Everlasting Hardy perennial sometimes called Winter Cherry or Strawberry Tomato. Bright orange 'little lantern' shaped flowers. Height 18 inches.

Start inside 6-8 weeks before planting out. Do not cover seed, provide light and warmth. Seed may take up to 30 days to germinate. May also be direct seeded outside in spring. Transplant into the garden after last frost into a full sun or part shade location, 12-24" apart. Grows well in average, well-drained soil. Water regularly and cut stems to the ground in fall. May be divided every 3 years in early spring.




Columbine [Aquilegia sp.]
Zone 3 - 9
Light: Full Sun to Partial Shade (see below)
Planting Date: Spring

Stunning late spring-flowering perennial boasts unusual double pleated flowers in sky-blue and white. Double Pleat Blue and White Columbine will continue to bloom until late summer. Use in clumps in the border and mixed bed. Height 24 inches.

Start inside 8-10 weeks before planting out, as germination can be slow. Sow seed on the surface and prechill in the refrigerator for 5 days. Bring containers out and provide light and a soil warmth of 24°C (75°F). Seedlings are very delicate. Water gently and keep out of hot, midday sun. Transplant outside after last frost, 6-18" apart. Provide part shade if summers are hot. Will tolerate full sun if summers are cool and they have constant moisture. Deadhead regularly. Often self-seeds.




Coreopsis [Coreopsis grandiflora]
Zone 3 - 9
Light: Full Sun to Light Shade
Planting Date: Spring

Dwarf, compact plants require little care and bloom all summer. Brilliant 21/2" semi-double rich golden yellow blooms. Height 24-26".

Start inside 6-8 weeks before last frost. Sow on surface, provide light and cool to warm temperatures (13-21°C). May also be direct seeded into the garden after last frost. Keep moist. Transplant into the garden after last frost into a full sun to light shade location, 12" apart. Provide well-drained soil, do not overfertilize, and deadhead regularly. Tolerates poor, dry soils.





All flowers listed on this page are available from Veseys.
USA Gardener Recommends Veseys Seeds & Bulbs For Great Results.










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