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Flowers - Annuals (P to S)

Annuals (A - C)
Annuals (M - O)


Annuals (D - F)
Annuals (P - S)


Annuals (G - I)
Annuals (T - V)


Annuals (J - L)
Annuals (W - Z)


Switch To Perennials     Main Flower Index

Unless otherwise noted, the following guides are for growing annuals from seed, and general care.




Pansies (Snow) [Viola tricolor, Viola x wittrockiana]
Light: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Planting Date: Spring

The hardiest and earliest pansy. A true winter pansy. Beautiful 3" blooms in shades of black-eyed white, celestial blue, dark-eyed yellow, red shades and a mix. Performs well in a wide range of climates. Snow Pansies can be transplanted in the fall for late season colour and return faithfully the following spring. Height 8".

Usually sold and grown as annuals, but often overwinter dependably. Johnny Jump Ups and Violas (V. tricolor) are usually hardier than the larger flowered Pansies. Start inside 8 weeks before planting out. Lightly cover seed, provide total darkness and normal room temperatures. Should germinate in 10-20 days. May also be direct seeded into the garden in early spring or early autumn. Transplant outside in early spring into a part shade location. Only plant in full sun in areas with cool summers. Very frost tolerant and prefers cool, moist conditions. Provide rich, moist well-drained soil. A mulch is often helpful. Deadhead regularly to ensure that plants bloom all season. Self-seeds.

We will be adding a page specifically for pansies soon.




Pennisetum [P.villosum - Feathertop. P.setaceum - Fountain Grass. P.glaucum - Purple Majesty Millet.]
Light: Full Sun
Planting Date: Spring

Start inside 6-8 weeks before last frost. Cover seed lightly, provide bottom heat of 21°C (70°F), seed will germinate quickly under these conditions. May be direct seeded into the garden 2 weeks before last frost (Purple Majesty MUST be started indoors). Transplant into the garden after last frost in to a full sun location, 16-24 inches apart. Prefers moist, fertile, well-drained soil.




Petunia (Prism Sunshine) [Petunia x hybrida]
Light: Full Sun to Very Light Shade
Planting Date: Spring

AAS Winner. This single grandiflora has 3 inch creamy yellow blooms contrasting with deep green foliage. 'Prism Sunshine' is vigorous and will flower freely throughout the growing season. An attractive addition to any garden and creates a striking contrast when planted with blue flowers. Height 12-14 inches.

Start inside 8 weeks before last frost. Sprinkle the tiny seed onto soil surface and gently press them in; do not cover. Provide light and constant warmth of 21-24°C (70-75°F). Use a bottom heat source for best results. Transplant after last frost into a full sun location. Will tolerate light shade but blooming will be reduced. Must be deadheaded regularly. Do not overwater or overfertilize. Use a low-nitrogen/high-phosphorus fertilizer sparingly.

Petunia Spacing - Fantasy Mix: 6-8 inches; Colorama, Prism, Celebrity and Double Cascade: 8-10 inches.

We will be adding a page specifically for Petunia soon.




Phlox [Phlox drummondii]
Light: Full Sun to Light Shade
Planting Date: Spring

Colourful and quick blooming. Large flowered mix of vibrant colors on compact plants. Will bloom untill frost. Height 8-10 inches.

Start inside 6-8 weeks before planting out. Cover seed lighlty but provide total darkness and a relative cool soil temperature of 16-18° (60-65°F). May also be direct seeded 2 weeks before last frost. Transplant around the last frost date 6 inches apart. Grows well in full sun or light shade. Pinch back young plants to encourage bushiness. Do not allow to dry out and deadhead regularly.




Poppy [Papaver rhoeas , Papaver somniferum , Eschsoltzia californica, Papaver commutatum]
Light: Full Sun
Planting Date: Spring

Tall plants with brilliantly colored petals, like crinkled silk, surround a dark eye. Very appealing in borders, rock gardens or for cutting. Does not transplant well, so seed directly in garden in a sunny location in early to mid-spring.

Start inside 4-6 weeks before last frost in peat pots. Cover seed lightly and provide darkness. Poppies dislike transplanting, best direct seeded once the soil warms up to 21°C (70°F), or in early summer. To plant, cover seed with 1/8 inch soil. Transplant or thin plants to 10-12 inches apart in a full sun location. Do not overwater or fertilize. Deadhead regularly. Poppies make good cutflowers if you singe the cut ends with a candle flame to stop the flow of sap. Self seeds freely.

We will be adding a page specifically for Poppy soon.




Portulaca [Portulaca grandiflora]
Light: Full Sun
Planting Date: Spring

Attractive for beds, edging, ground cover, rock gardens and containers. Portulaca makes an excellent ground cover for sunny, dry areas with poor soil and reseeds plentifully.

Excellent rock garden or container plant that withstands hot, dry conditions. Start 6-8 weeks before transplanting. Surface sow seeds and provide light and warmth of 24-27°C (75-80°F). May be direct seeded after last frost. Transplant after last frost into a full sun location. Tolerates poor soil. Do not overwater or fertilize.




Salpiglosis (Painted Tongue) [Salpiglosis sinuata]
Light: Full Sun to Light Shade
Planting Date: Spring

Trumpet-shaped flowers are 11/2" - 21/2". Eye-catching single and bicolored blooms in multiple colours with exotic contrasting veins. A reliable performer for borders, containers and cut flowers.

Start inside 6-8 weeks before last frost in peat pots. Do not cover seed, but provide darkness with black plastic or cardboard. Keep warm at 21-24°C (70-75°F). Transplant outside after last frost, 8-12 inches apart. Grows well in full sun or light shade. Do not overwater or overfertilize. Pinch back plants when young to encourage bushiness.




Salvia [S. horminum, S. farinacea, Salvia patens]
Light: Full Sun
Planting Date: Spring

Deep violet-blue spikes with attractive grey-green foliage. Extra early, dwarf compact plants. Blooms well until frost. Very attractive in beds, borders, and containers.

Start inside 8-10 weeks before last frost. Do not cover seed, provide light and warmth of 21-24°C (70-75°F). Watch out for damping off. A fungicidal drench to prevent damping off might be helpful. Transplant after last frost in to a full sun location, 6-12 inches apart. Pinch out growing tip when plants are 6 inches tall. Water, fertilize and dead-head regularly. The flowers of S. hormonium and S. farinacea dry beautifully.

We will be adding a page specifically for Salvia soon.




Sensitive Plant [Mimosa pudica]
Light: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Planting Date: Spring

Delicate fern-like leaves quickly fold up and droop when touched. They return to their usual bushy appearance after a short time. Makes for an attractive garden, container or indoor plant. An interesting novelty that also bears puff-ball pink flowers. Grows to 2 feet and enjoys full sun or part shade.

Start seed inside 10 weeks before last spring frost, if planting outside, or anytime if growing as an indoor plant. Soak seed in hot water for 20 minutes before sowing in peat pots. Do not cover seed; provide light, bottom heat and constant moisture. Seed should germinate in 2-3 weeks. Plant outside after last frost date into a sun to part shade location, 8-12" apart. Alternatively, you can transfer into larger pots and grow in a sunny window. Keep temperature above 15°C (59°F) in winter. Keep soil constantly moist. Grows up to 2 feet tall. Collapsed leaves return to normal after an hour or two.




Snapdragon [Antirrhinum majus]
Light: Full Sun to Light Shade
Planting Date: Spring

These beautiful, sweet-smelling old-fashioned annuals make excellent cutflowers. These are a favourite of many gardeners. Start inside 8-10 weeks before transplanting. Do not cover seed, requires light and a cool soil temperature of 13°C (55°F). Transplant 1-2 weeks before last frost. Very frost tolerant when hardened off. Grows well in full sun to light shade. Space 6-12 inches apart depending on variety. Pinch out growing tip to encourage branching and more blooms. Feed, water and deadhead or cut flowers for bouquets regularly.

We will be adding a page specifically for Snapdragon soon.




Statice [Limonium sinuata]
Light: Full Sun
Planting Date: Spring

Annual Statice is one of the most popular everlasting flowers. Start inside 6-8 weeks before last frost. Cover seed lightly and provide warmth of 18-24°C (65-75°F). May also be direct seeded after last frost. Transplant outside after last frost into a full sun location. Prefers light, well drained soil. Statice does well in hot locations, but must be well-watered. Harvest in mid-morning after the dew has dried. Hang bunches upside down in a dark, dry place.




Stocks (Vintage) [Mathiola incana]
Light: Full Sun
Planting Date: Spring

This mix blooms earlier and branches faster than other dwarf bedding varieties. With a profusion of unique bright flowers ranging in colour from rose to lavender, this mix will contain up to 55% double blooms. Plants are sturdy and well branched, and are excellent outdoor performers. Height 15-20 inches.

Start indoors 6-8 weeks before transplanting. Do not cover seed, provide light and keep cool at 13-18°C (55-65°F). Watch out for damping off. A fungicidal drench might be helpful to prevent damping off. May also be direct seeded after last frost. Transplant after last frost into a full sun location, 10-12 inches apart. If your summers are very hot provide midday shade. Prefers a moist and fertile soil. Water and fertilize regularly. Provide good air circulation.




Strawflowers, Helichrysum [Helichrysum monstrosum]
Light: Full Sun
Planting Date: Spring

Large fully double, crisp textured flowers on strong stems. The best variety for commercial air drying. Mixture contains: Crimson Violet, White, Yellow, Pink Shades, Salmon and Silvery Rose. Height 30-36 inches.

May be started inside 6 weeks before last frost in peat pots. Cover lightly, provide warmth and seed should germinate within 2 weeks. May also be direct seeded 2 weeks after last spring frost. Transplant after last frost into a full sun location, 6 inches apart. Prefers light, sandy soil. Tolerates dry conditions. You may pull up entire plant and dry, when flowering is at its peak.




Strawflowers (Sensation Giants) [Rhodanthe chlorocephala/subsp. rosea]
Light: Full Sun
Planting Date: Spring

Heirloom Half-hardy annual also known as Sunray and Immortelle. Needs full sun and shelter from wind. Semi-double flowers in shades of rose, pink and white. Start seed indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost. Height is approximately 18".

Easily started inside 6-8 weeks before last frost. Sow seed in flats and do not cover as light and a warm soil temperature of 21-24°C(70-75°F) are required for germination. May also be direct seeded 2 weeks after last spring frost. Transplant after last frost into a full sun location, 6 inches apart. Prefers light, sandy soil. Tolerates dry conditions. Pull up entire plant and dry, when flowering is at its peak.




Sunflowers [Helianthus annus.]
Light: Full Sun
Planting Date: Spring

Fun and easy-to-grow! Direct seed outdoors after danger of frost. Sunflowers require full sun, well-drained soil. When planting, keep in mind that sunflowers face east, when open.

Direct seed outdoors after all danger of frost is past. Sow 1 inch deep in light, well-drained soil. Keep moist until seed germinates in 10-14 days. Space 18-24 inches apart depending on variety in a full sun location. Water regularly but do not overfertilize. Cut flowers last 10-14 days. Drying sunflower heads: If drying outside they should be protected with plastic mesh or brown paper bags. Just cover the heads to keep the birds away. To harvest, cut the seed heads leaving 12 inches of stem attached. Hang in an airy place safe from birds and rodents. Heads should be dry in 2-3 weeks. Remove seeds by rubbing two heads together. You may store the seeds on the heads until you need them.




Swedish Ivy (Silver Shield) [Plectranthus argentus]
Light: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Planting Date: Spring

This is an easy to grow new foliage plant! Large, soft, textured silvery-grey leaves on upright spreading stems. Very robust plants reach a height of 2 feet or more. Mixes well with all other plants in containers or in garden plantings.

Start inside 8-10 weeks before planting out. Germinate at 20-24°C (68-75°F) and provide lots of light and humidity. Do not cover seed with soil. Seed should germinate in 1-2 weeks. Plant into the garden after last frost date. Grows 24 inches high and wide. Excellent for a compact hedge. One of our favourites for containers. Prefers full sun or part shade, although plants are more silver coloured in full sun.




Sweet Peas [Lathryus odoratus]
Light: Full Sun
Planting Date: Spring

One of the most graceful and delicate annuals to enhance a trellis, fence, border, containers or beds. Sweet Peas thrive in cool conditions, plant as early as soil can be worked.

May be started inside 3-4 weeks earlier, but is usually direct seeded in early spring as soon as the ground can be worked. Soak seed in water for 24-48 hours before planting in fertile, well-drained soil. Sow seed 1-2 inches deep. Sweet Peas prefer cool conditions. If your summers are hot, you should keep the roots cool by trenching them. Dig a trench, about 10 inches deep and place your seeds in the bottom. Cover with 1 inch of soil to start and continue to fill in the trench as your peas grow. Space 6 inches apart in a full sun location. Sweet peas are heavy feeders, so fertilize regularly. Provide support for vining types. Change their location each year, to avoid disease problems. You may use Garden Innoculant to give them a boost. Deadhead or pick blossoms often for bouquets.


All flowers listed on this page are available from Veseys.
USA Gardener Recommends Veseys Seeds & Bulbs For Great Results.









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