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Flowers - Annuals (M to O)

Annuals (A - C)
Annuals (M - O)


Annuals (D - F)
Annuals (P - S)


Annuals (G - I)
Annuals (T - V)


Annuals (J - L)
Annuals (W - Z)


Switch To Perennials     Main Flower Index

Unless otherwise noted, the following guides are for growing annuals from seed, and general care.




Marigold [Tagetes erecta - African Marigold. Tagetes patula - French Marigold. Tagetes tenuifolia - Marigold gems.]
Light: Full Sun
Planting Date: Spring

African marigold is the tallest type. A cheerful plant suitable for beds or mass plantings. French marigold is a compact, bushier plant and provides colorful edging to flower beds and walkways.

Very easy to grow. Start inside 6-8 weeks before last frost. Start African types earlier than French types. Cover seed with 1/4 inch of soil and provide an average soil warmth of 24°C (75°F). May also be direct seeded about 2 weeks before last frost. Transplant after last frost into a sunny location. Will grow well in poor soil. Space African types 12-18 inches apart, and French types 6-8 inches apart. Deadhead regularly.




Mimulus [Mimulus x hybridus]
Light: Full Sun to Full Shade
Planting Date: Spring

Bright and fresh, this hybrid mix is a proven performer. Extra early and dwarf. Blooms are a stunning mixture of cream, crimson, ivory, orange, red, wine and yellow. Free flowering and self-grooming producing numerous 2" flowers. Very decorative in hanging baskets or window boxes. Height 10".

Start inside 4-6 weeks before planting out. Do not cover seed, provide light and bottom heat of 21-24°C (70-75°F). Germination in 7-21 days. Transplant into the garden 2 weeks after the final spring frost. Mimulus is not frost tolerant. Plant in full sun or full shade, 6" apart. Soil should be moist and rich. Will grow well in wet, low-lying areas in the garden. Never allow to dry out. Deadhead regularly.




Mirabilis [Mirabilis jalapa]
Light: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Planting Date: Spring

An old-fashioned garden Heirloom favourite. A superb selection of rose, red, yellow, pink and white. The 2 inch long trumpet-like blooms open in the late afternoon and are wonderfully fragrant. Height 30 inches.

Start indoors 4-6 weeks before last frost. Do not cover seed, just press into soil and provide a constant soil warmth of 21°C (70°F). You may also direct seed 1 week after last frost. Transplant after last frost, 12-18 inches apart. Enjoys hot, sunny conditions and tolerates poor soil.




Morning Glory [Ipomoea tricolor]
Light: Full Sun
Planting Date: Spring

A fast-growing vine that produces beautiful trumpet-shaped flowers and heart-shaped leaves. Many varieties to choose from. A free flowering climber with glorious deep colours, star shaped flowers. In a sheltered position, or even in the conservatory, the blooms will open in the evening and stay open until around mid-day. Flowers June to frost. Height 4-6 feet.

May be started inside 3-4 weeks before last frost in peat pots. Usually direct seeded 2 weeks after last frost. Chip seeds, soak for 24 hours and cover with 1/4-1/2 inch of soil. Requires a soil warmth of 21-27°C (70-80°F). Space 12-18 inches apart or closer since these plants do not mind being crowded. Plant in a sunny location and do not fertilize.




Nasturtium [Tropaeolum majus]
Light: Full Sun to Light Shade
Planting Date: Spring

A popular easy-to-grow annual ideal for beds, terraces, hanging baskets, window boxes, planters and trellises.

May be started inside 2-3 weeks before transplanting, but is usually direct seeded a week after last frost or once the soil warms up to 18°C (65°F). Plant seed 1/2 inch deep and keep moist. Space plants 8-12 inches apart in full sun or light shade. Tolerates poor soil. Do not fertilize.




Nemesia [Nemesia strumosa]
Light: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Planting Date: Spring

An ideal flower for rock gardens, flower boxes or for use as a bedding or border plant. Also a nice cut flower. A blend of six vibrant colours. Direct seed outdoors or start indoors for earlier bloom. Will do well in sun or partial shade. Height 8-10".

Start inside 6-8 weeks before transplanting. Do not cover seed when planting as light is required for germination along with a soil temperature of 18-21°C (65-70°F). Seed is susceptible to damping off, keep soil on the dry side when growing young seedlings. A fungicidal drench will also help to prevent damping off. Transplant after last frost about 6 inches apart. Nemesia grows equally well in full sun or part-shade, as long as they are not allowed to dry out. Pinching and dead-heading will increase bushiness and flower production.




Nemophilia [Nemophilia maculata, Nemophilia menziesii.]
Light: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Planting Date: Spring

Low growing carpeting annual. Large 1 inch white buttercup shaped blooms, with each of the five petals bearing a large purple spot at the edge. Mounds of pale feathery 6-9 inch foliage bloom continuously all summer.

Start indoors 4-6 weeks before last frost in peat pots. Cover seed lightly and keep cool at 13°C(55°F). May be direct seeded outside when soil has warmed. Transplant after last frost , 6-8 inches apart into a full-sun or part-shade location. Do not allow to dry out.




Nicotiana (Avalon Lime) [Nicotiana alata, Nicotiana sylvestris]
Light: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Planting Date: Spring

Half to two-thirds the height of the domino series! Multi-functional plant, which performs well in the garden. An ultra-compact type, ‘Avalon’ is extremely basal branching and floriferous, producing a canopy of colour over dense foliage. This unique colour combination is stunning! Height 8 inches.

Start inside 6-8 weeks before planting out. Sow seed on surface or cover very lightly. Provide light and a constant temperature of 21°C (70°F). Transplant after last frost into a full sun or part-shade location. Space ‘Domino’ series 8-12 inches apart. Space ‘Only the Lonely’ 18 inches apart. Water during dry spells and dead-head regularly.




Nierembergia (White Robe) [Nierembergia hippomanica]
Light: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Planting Date: Spring

This heat loving, ground hugging annual is a compact plant producing multiple stems with a 12-15 inch spread in a dense mound. A profuse bloomer covered with masses of 1 inch, single petaled, star shaped white flowers with lemon yellow centers. Commonly known as 'cupflower'. Heat and drought tolerant. Cascading habit. Height 4-6 inches.

Start indoors 10 weeks before last frost. Cover seed very lightly and keep the soil moist and warm at 21-24°C (70-75°F). Transplant around the last frost date or even a week or two earlier since plants are very tolerant of frost. Grows well in part shade to full sun. Space 6-8 inches apart. Deadhead regularly.




Osteospermum (blue-eyed daisy) [Osteospermum ecklonis]
Light: Full Sun
Planting Date: Spring

A must for every garden! The 2 inch daisy-like flowers in brilliant shades of pink, rose, purple and white with azure-blue centers produce a bold show all summer long. Maximum bloom will occur in a full sun garden. Pot height 5 inches; garden height 12-18 inches.

Also known as blue-eyed daisy. Should be started inside 6-8 weeks before last frost. Lightly cover seeds, provide light and germinate at 18-21C (65-70°F). Seed should sprout within 10-15 days. Transplant outside after last frost date, although Osteospermum is somewhat cold tolerant. Plant 10 inches apart in a full sun location. Well-drained soil is required. If you have heavy clay soil, plants will perform well in pots of soil-less mix. Generally pest free and drought tolerant. Grows 12-18" high.





All flowers listed on this page are available from Veseys.
USA Gardener Recommends Veseys Seeds & Bulbs For Great Results.









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